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Taps

September 4, 2013

Watermark Industrial Looking Tap

Most houses in Ireland use a low-pressure gravity fed system therefore it is important when buying taps you make sure that they suit a low-pressure system. High pressure systems are mains fed, pumped or connected to combination boilers. Low pressure systems are gravity fed and provide typically provide hot-water pressure of less than 1.0 bar to the cold water taps in bathrooms. You can achieve greater pressure either by increasing the vertical distance between your cold water tank and your tap or by fitting a pump between the two.  If your system has high pressure imbalance of more than 5:1 and you want to use a mixer tap you may have to install pressure-reducing valves on your taps.

Tip: If your kitchen tap is fed by the mains of a local city or county council they should be able to give you the water pressure for your area.

Tip: The setting of the mains stop cock can affect the pressure available within your home.

Tip: Water pressure can be shown in three measurements; bar, psi (pressure per square inch) or head. 1bar = 10metre head = 14.5psi.

Styles of Taps
There are two main types of taps pillar or monobloc. Pillar taps supply either hot or cold water and require two tap holes on a sink or washbasin. Monobloc /mixer taps only require one tap hole and by enabling you to blend the water they can offer hot, cold or warm water.

As a rule of thumb, traditional taps with compression valves are ideally suited for low pressure. Taps for medium or high pressure system typically use precision ceramic disc technology.

Tip: Monobloc taps that swivel make it easier to get large items in and out of a sink.

Tap Materials
The most popular finish for taps is polished chrome or stainless steel but taps can be treated with a variety of coatings including; nickel, copper, pewter, bronze, gold or powder-coated a colour and in either polished, satin / brushed or matt.

Tap Features
Taps with pull-out spray heads have an extendable flexible spray arm which you can use to rinse vegetables, fruit, pots etc.

A recently new introduction in to the kitchen is a filtered water or boiling water tap.  Filter water is typically provided by way of a filter cartridge, or inline filter fitted under the sink. Filtered water is can either be offered as a third option on the main tap or by way of a separate tap. Boiling water is typically provided by way of a heater fitted under the sink and is normally provided via a separate tap

Tip: If you’re replacing a tap check whether you need a tap that operates a pop-up waste or not.

Installing a Tap
Irish Building Regulations state that each dwelling should be provided with kitchen that is adequately fitted for the installation and use of cooking equipment and contains an adequately sized sink and draining board with both hot and cold water.

Irish Building Regulations state that the cold water supply to the kitchen sink should be taken directly from the mains water pipe and that the hot water supply should come either from a central source or from a water heater.

Tip: A new tap should be fitted on a plastic bedding washer or, if supplied with the tap, on silicone sealing compound.

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3 comments

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